What is email E-mail or Electronic Mail, referred to as Email as an abbreviation, is a service by which you can send and receive e-mails using different types of programs and applications. Anyone who has an e-mail address can send and receive e-mails.

E-mail systems contain a text editor with which you can write and format your message by making the font bold or large, and you can also attach images and text documents in addition to the texts that you write.

When someone sends you a message, it arrives in what is called your Inbox and the message remains there and you can return to it at any time. You can always print mail or forward it to someone else.

What is email
What is email

Email history

E-mail appeared in the year 1965, when a program called Mailbox was developed by the MIT Institute, and it was used to leave a message on a computer for someone else to read from the same computer.

This was without an internet connection, until it developed after that and it became possible to send an email message from one computer to another computer. This was when the American programmer Ray Tom Linson invented the electronic mail system in its current form.

The main idea of ​​the American Tom Linson was to specify a name for the user and the computer he was sending from, and as a result the basic format of the email address became as follows: user@website.com.

With the development and after the use of e-mail was limited to government institutions, e-mail became used on a global scale.

And on other networks, as a person is now able to send e-mail messages to anywhere in the world, and from here the global Internet appeared.

After that, the first commercial program from Microsoft, entitled Microsoft Mail, was released, and then an Internet Service Provider (ISP) appeared.

The development of e-mail was further until the attachments were added to the message such as images and others, which in turn led to further development until the emergence of the Microsoft Outlook program.

Types of email

There are many types of e-mail, and they are:

  • Microsoft Exchange Server – It is a corporate and large corporate email designed by Microsoft and works on different types of devices.
  • Webmail – This is the e-mail used on the Internet, which is used by many systems, such as Gmail, Yahoo, and Outlook.
  • IMAP – An email system that is responsible for the arrival of messages over the Internet.
  • POP3 – An email system that enables you to read messages offline.

Email Protocols

Messages are received and sent using standard protocols, which allow electronic messages to move seamlessly between computers running different types of programs, and across different types of servers on different networks.

Simple Message Transfer Protocol (SMTP) allows you to physically send and receive messages.

Other protocols, including Post Office Protocol (POP) and Internet Message Access Protocol (IMAP), allow users to retrieve and store messages over time.

Email Protocols
Email Protocols

Web mail

Webmail is another popular option. Most Internet Service Providers offer this mail as an additional feature, as the user can access his mailbox over the Internet, from any computer or other device connected to the Internet.

Web mail
Web mail

Email privacy

From a legal point of view, email is generally treated as a private form of communication, much like a phone call.

Or even a handwritten letter; Details vary from country to country, but it is usually illegal to access, read, or post someone else’s messages without permission.

However, it is important to understand that it is relatively easy for hackers to intercept emails.

Email privacy
Email privacy

Moreover, many companies require their employees to sign an agreement that gives the employer permission to monitor all messages sent or received on company email addresses.

Read also: how do you block someone on gmail

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